October 14, 2018 Shoping

Westgate shopping mall attack

Initially, the Ministry of Interior said It is a possibility that it is an attack by terrorists, so we are treating the matter very seriously.Nairobi police chiefBenson Kibuecalled the incident a terrorist attack and added that there were likely no more than perpetrators involved.SenatorBillow KerrowfromMandera County, Nairobi said Its too early to know what kind of people these are, but from what we are getting, these are people who speak in theSwahili language. They are people who seem to know what they are doing, are pretty much organised. Its really quite a shocking thing because from what were getting, they arent ordinary thugs.

Nairobi attack Kenya forces comb Westgate site. BBC. September .

Kenya Westgate mall hostage standoff continues; death toll hits . CBS News September .

Dixon, Robyn October .Video shows Kenyan soldiers looting besieged mall.

killed and more carnage feared as Kenya mall attackers dig in. CNN. September

Regan, Helen March .AlShabab Leader Killed in Drone Strike.

Theextremist IslamicgroupalShabaabclaimed responsibility for the incident, which it characterised as retribution for theKenyan militarys deployment in the groups home country ofSomalia. Many media outlets also suspected the insurgent groups involvement in the attack based on earlier reprisal warnings it had issued in the wake ofOperation Linda Nchifrom to .

BBC News Nairobi attack British death toll lower than thought. BBC. September

Statement by EU High Representative Catherine Ashton on the attack in Nairobi

Pflanz, Mike.Kenyan army admits that soldiers looted Westgate during siege. London

A Klgyminisztrium közlemnyein Hungarian. September . Archived fromthe originalon September

TheNational Intelligence ServiceNIS was strongly criticised for iling to warn of the attack afterThe Starreported that two unnamed NIS officers had told it that the NIS had passed warnings about an attack to the police, and that a pregnant woman had been warned by her brother, an NIS officer, not to visit the Westgate mall that Saturday because she would not be able to run with her bulging tummy.The Observerreported that Kenya had prior intelligence of an attack in Nairobi, and that there were reports of NIS agents being at Westgate a few hours before the attack.From its start, the investigation was hampered by a wide range of conflicting eyewitness testimony about the number of attackers, the gunmens true identities, and even their ultimate tes.Over sixty persons were listed by theRed Crossasmissing, though police asserted that they were all among the dead; in news reports, some have been described as additional terrorists who escaped alive, though the Kenyan government firmly denies this.

By nightll, the mall remained sealed off to the public while security services searched floor by floor for the gunmen, believed to still be inside with the hostages.People continued to trickle out from hiding places.Internal Security MinisterMutea Iringothen said that the government was in control of the situation. Kimaiyo also wrote that several of the other assailants had been pinned down after security forces moved into the mall.PresidentUhuru Kenyattasaid the security operation was delicate and that a top priority was to safeguard hostages.At about an hour after reporting five visibly shaken hostages release theNational Disaster Operation CentreNDOC wrote that major operations underway.

The next evening, after nightll, over hours after the beginning of the attack, gunfire was still heard at the mall. The military spokesman, Colonel Cyrus Oguna, said that most of the hostages had been released, saying that they were dehydrated and suffering from shock; he added that four Kenyan soldiers were injured in the rescue operation.Scores of bystanders gathered by the mall as the operations continued.The NDOC forecast that the operation would end that night. Kenyatta said to the nation that the criminals are now all located in one place within the building…We have as good a chance to successfully neutralise the terrorists as we can hope for. He also called for patience and said that he had received numerous offers of assistance from friendly countries.On September, Lenku assured that we are doing anything reasonably possible, cautiously though, to bring this process to an end, and said that at least three alShabab fighters were killed and ten Kenyan soldiers wounded.Eleven other soldiers were also injured that day,and three Kenyan commandos were shot at close range.It was also reported that three floors of the mall collapsed during the attack, trapping some bodies inside.

Murphy, Doyle September .Pregnant Harvard grad killed in Kenyan terror attacks just two weeks from giving birth.

Press release. US Department of Defense. March

The alShabaab member believed to have been the mastermind behind the mall attack, Adan Garar, was reported as being killed after a drone strike on March . Gara was in a vehicle hit by a missile near the town ofDinsoorin southern Somalia.

An eyewitness said that the attackers had toldMuslimsto leave and that nonMuslims would be targeted. Others were asked to namethe motherof the Islamic prophetMuhammadto distinguish Muslims from nonMuslims.They also distinguished Muslims from nonMuslims by asking others to recite theshahadah.To Associated Press, the alShabaab called it a meticulous vetting process … to separate the Muslims from theKufr.Gunman were seen on TV talking on mobile phones and bowing down in Islamic prayer between their attacks.

Case Study Terrorist Attack on Westgate Shopping Mall, Nairobi, Kenya, September ,

alQaeda in the Islamic MaghrebNorth Africa

Eritrea condemns alShabab attack in Nairobi mall. Madote.

Dozens die as Islamic militants attack Kenyan shopping mall.

Kenya forces say mall siege in final stages. Al Jazeera. September .

Goran TomasevicReuterschief photographer forEast Africa, recorded the first few hours of the attacks in which he described extremely distressed people including children, women and men bleeding from the impact of shrapnel and gunshots.Abdul Yusuf Haji, son of former Defence Minister of KenyaMohamed Yusuf Haji, on receiving messages from his brother, an undercover antiterrorism agent who was stuck inside the shopping center, travelled to the mall with his handgun and entered with other civilian rescuers. He helped rescue a mother and her three daughters, providing cover with other armed rescuers. Tomasevics photos of the rescue efforts by civilians were beamed all around the world.

Israeli advisers helping Kenya in mall siege security source. Reuters September .

Kenya Napolitano, cordoglio per vittime barbaro attacco terroristicoin Italian. September .

Kenyan authorities arrested dozens of people in the aftermath of the attack, but had not announced any suspects directly related to the siege. On November , a Kenyan court charged four Somali nationals with harbouring the gunmen in their homes, with each pleading not guilty.

Nairobi Westgate attack The victims. BBC. September .

. Reuters. Archived fromthe originalon September

It was reported on October that the police, army, and intelligence services had been engaging in blame games after the attack. Some international forensic teams had reportedly returned home, frustrated that they were not allowed full access to the mall.

TheAfrican Unioncondemned the dastardly terrorist attacks and reiterated that the AU would continue in its fight against alShabaab. She also expressed the AUs solidarity with the government and people of Kenya.TheEuropean Unionoffered its full support to the Kenyan authorities in dealing with the situation.UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Kimoon expressed alarm and offered Kenyatta his solidarity as the Kenyan authorities handle the incident.TheUnited Nations Security Councilcondemned the attack in the strongest possible terms and called on Kenya to note that any response must comply with international human rights law.

Mehta, Diana September .Canada offers support to Kenya after mall attack, Canadians among victims. The Canadian Press

Nation TVfootage showed dozens of people escaping from a back entrance.Bloombergcorrespondent Marco Lui was on the second floor of the mall when the attack started; he said that two explosions happened within about five minutes of each other. We heard a noise from the ground floor and people started running to the parking area on the rooftop. They were panicking and then the second blast went off and people were even more panicked. Other eyewitnesses said that in addition to grenades, the attackers usedAKs.Twenty people were rescued from a toy shop on the upper floor.As the Kenyan army troops arrived, they usedtear gasto try to smoke out the attackers from the cinema complex. Vehicles riddled with bullet holes were left abandoned in front of the mall. Kimaiyo said Our officers are on the ground carrying out an evacuation of those inside as they search for the attackers who are said to be inside.A police officer said that the gunmen were barricaded inside theNakumattsupermarket. He indicated that there were three bodies there while he pointed to a pool of blood by a childrens shoe shop. He then pointed to a hamburger bar where music still played and indicated more bodies were found there.

Yanover, Yori September . Israelis Escape as Nairobi Shopping Center Attack Continues

After Westgate, Interpol Chief Ponders Armed Citizenry

Hamza Mohamed.QA AlShabab defends Nairobi attack. Al Jazeera.

Iran Condemns Terrorist Attack in Kenya. Tasnim News. September .

Pres Peres sends condolences to Kenya Sept .

The African Union Strongly Condemns the Dastardly Terrorist Attacks against Innocent Civilians in Nairobi. The African Union Commission. September . Archived fromthe originalon September

China condemns mall attack by terrorists in Kenya. GlobalPost.

Battle for control of Nairobi mall rages on. Al Jazeera. September

This was last edited on October , at

Deadly gunbattle in Nairobi shopping mall. Al Jazeera. September .

Pflanz, Mike October .Nairobi mall attack new TV footage shows soldiers looting from cash registers

Cancillera conden ataque en Keniain Spanish. September

Pflanz, Mike; Alexander, Harriet September .Nairobi shopping mall attacks Britons among those caught up in terrorist assault.


Macharia, James; Miriri, Duncan.Somali militants claim Kenya mall attack; dead. MSN. Reuters

One of the victims of the terrorist attack was Peruvian doctor Juan Jess Ortiz, former deputy head of the Kenyan branch of the United Nations Childrens Fund UNICEF. RT

Message de condolances de SM le Roi au prsident knyan suite lattaque terroriste de Westgate mall Nairobiin French.

A separate investigation of the attack was conducted by the New York Police Department NYPD. The reports findings, released in December, , suggested that the attack had been carried out by only fouralShabaabterrorists, all of whom most likely escaped the mall alive.However, an investigation conducted between Kenyan and US State Department officials suggested that while there were only four gunmen who carried out the attack, they were all likely killed during the standoff.Lt. Kevin Yorke of the NYPDs Intelligence Division also acknowledged that the NYPD investigation, which did not have representatives among the group of western investigators assisting Kenya with the probe,was based solely on opensource information we gathered and is unclassified.

Kangethe, Kennedy September .Police ignored me as I exposed Westgate terrorist.

Comunicado de prensain Spanish. September

Somali PresidentHassan Sheikh Mohamudcondemned the heartless acts against defenceless civilians and pledged to stand shoulder to shoulder with Kenya.He also cautioned against prejudgement, saying that we dont have any proof that the people who did this are Somali.

In the days following the initial attack, Kenyan soldiers were sent in the mall to rescue people inside and find the gunmen. Yet when the soldiers were sent in, many of them were caught on camera looting almost every shop in the mall while it was besieged.Two soldiers were arrested and jailed for looting mobile phones and several others were questioned.

Interior Cabinet SecretaryJoseph Lenkusaid that between and gunmen were involved in the attack and that Kenyan forces had control of security cameras installed inside the shopping complex.Witnesses who managed to escape also asserted that they heard some of the gunmen speaking either Arabic or Somali.After several hours,alShabaabclaimed responsibility for the attack.According to KenyasCapital FM, one attacker is reported to have escaped after a witness spotted him mingling with the victims as they were being rescued.Foreign MinisterAmina Mohamedsaid that alShabaab was not acting alone and the assault was part of an international campaign of terror; and that two or three US citizens and a Briton were among the attackers. AlShabab [sic] are looking for relevance on an international scale especially after a change of leadership and is looking to send the message that they are still a force to be reckoned with.The suggestion that there had been a British perpetrator in their ranks was strongly rejected by alShabaab.Kenyan officials later lowered the estimated number of gunmen to four to six militants. Among the shooters, a military spokesman named Abu Baara al Sudani a Sudanese national, Omar Nabhan a Kenyan Arab, Khat al Kene a Somali from Mogadishu, and Umayr of unidentified .Norways intelligence agency, thePST, later announced in early October that it had sent officers to Kenya to investigate reports alleging that a Norwegian citizen of Somali origin, named asHassan Abdi Dhuhulow, was also involved in the planning and execution of the attack.The yearoldDhuhulow was in confirmed to have been a perpetrator and to have died during the attack.Having migrated to Norway in , Dhuhulow had previously been under surveillance by PST.On October it was reported that two bodies found in the ruins of part of the centre, withAKrifles beside them, were likely to be those of two of the attackers.

Mukinda, Fred September .Hard questions emerge over handling of terror attack.

Charred bodies from Kenya mall highly likely to be gunmen lawmaker.

Upscale mall becomes a war zone in Kenya terror attack. inlandnewstoday. September

Terrorists Challenge Kenyan Government With Mall Attack. PBS, September

On the night of / September, there was a lull in firing, but it resumed in the early morning hours. As the day progressed, police said that they were conducting a final sweep of the complex as the interior ministry released a statement that said the fourdaylong assault was very near the end. The gunmen were still inside.He vowed full accounility for the mindless destruction, deaths, pain, loss and suffering we have all undergone. The Kenyan Red Cross said that people were still missing. In Nairobi, daily business returned to normal; appeals replenishedblood banks, and over US, was raised to support the affected milies.

Bariyo, Nicholas; Vogt, Heidi; BryanLow, Cassell September .Kenya Starts Probe in Wake of Mall Siege.

World leaders condemn terror attack at Kenya mall, pledge support. CNN. September

Rob Van Dijk, an employee of the Dutch embassy, said that while he was eating at a restaurant the attack started with grenades and was followed by gunfire as patrons screamed and dropped to the ground. Other witnesses said the attack began at the outdoor seating area of Artcaffe at the front of the mall. An Artcaffe employee, Patrick Kuria, said We started by hearing gunshots downstairs and outside. Later we heard them come inside. We took cover. Then we saw two gunmen wearing black turbans. I saw them shoot. Some of the casualties were at the entrance to the mall after the assailants moved outside and a standoff then commenced with police. Ambulances were present at the mall as rescuers started moving emerging victims. Reports indicated children were among the victims, and patrons that were carrying small children were among those trapped. Mall security guards used shopping carts to ferry out wounded children.

Associated Press; Daniel, Douglass K. September . people killed in Kenya mall attack claimed by Somali militants; hostages still held.

At least dead in Nairobi mall attack.

Comunicado de prensa del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, rechazando el ataque terrorista perpetrado en Keniain Spanish. September

Norwegian suspected of being Kenya mall attacker named.

Report Israeli agents backing Kenyan troops in bid to end Nairobi mall siege. Jta. September .

On October , it was reported that President Kenyatta had admitted that the Westgate operation was bungled, and undertook to carry out a complete investigation. The Kenyan Cabinet was expected to eslish a formal commission of inquiry.

PlockBlanchard, Lauren November .The September Terrorist Attack in Kenya In Brief

On Saturday, September , four masked gunmen attacked theWestgate shopping mall, anupscalemall inNairobi,Kenya. There are conflicting reports about the number killed in the attack, since part of the mall collapsed due to a fire that started during the siege., including civilians, five Kenyan soldiers, and four attackers. Approximately people were wounded in themass shooting.

, September ,Kenyan authorities had been warned about threat to buildings day before attacks

Kenya forces deployed at Nairobi shopping mall after gunfire.

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Zuma condemns Kenya mall attack. South African Broadcasting Corporation. September

Shebab Twitter account suspended after Kenya mall attack claims. Fox News Channel. September .

Jason Straziuso September .Kenya Minister Says Killed in Mall Attack. ABC News. Associated Press

The attack was a success and resulted in the death of Garar.

Mohammed VI of Moroccoexpressed profound emotion and indignation;Tanzanian PresidentJakaya Kikweteand South African PresidentJacob Zumaalso expressed condolences and reiterated support for Kenyan and international efforts aimed at peacekeeping, sility, democracy and nationbuilding in Somalia.Sahrawi RepublicPresident Mohamed Abdelaziz expressed sadness and dismay about the shocking and cowardly massacre and offered his countrys deepest condolences and heartfelt sympathy.

Jason Straziuso December , .NYPD report on Kenya attack isnt US govt view. Associated Press, Yahoo News

Gettleman, Jeffrey; Kulish, Nicholas; et al. September .Gunmen Kill Dozens in Terror Attack at Kenyan Mall.

Kenyan Forces Say They Rescued Most Hostages. ABC News. September .

Argentina condena el atentado en Kenia. September

Kenya attack Westgate mall bodies probably gunmen

US forces target Al Shabaab leader linked to Kenya Westgate mall massacre in Somalia raid.

Peter Walker and Guy Alexander.Nairobi shopping mall attack Kenyan presidents nephew among the dead World news.

Videos and audio recordings of Osama bin Laden

Canadians die in Kenya massacre claimed by alQaedalinked group. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Associated Press. September

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Videos and audio recordings of Ayman alZawahiri

Ombok, Eric September .Kenya Forces Deployed at Nairobi Shopping Mall After Gunfire. Bloomberg L.P

PST har ventet på FBI. Nå er konklusjonen i Westgatesaken klar.

Vincenot, Aymeric September .Kenya forces battle to end deadly mall siege. Yahoo!. Agence FrancePresse.

Sten Smith and Peter Martell September .Kenyan president announces end to mall bloodbath. Yahoo! News. Agence FrancePresse

British police officers based in Kenya arrived on the scene to help Kenyan counterterrorism officials, and Kenyan officials began an investigation. Security was also tightened in public places across Kenya.Ten arrests were reported on September.In announcing the end of operations, Kenyatta said forensic investigations are underway to eslish the nationalities of all those involved and suggested that a British woman and two or three US citizens may have been involved in the attack but that could not be confirmed at the time.Kenyan Defence Chief, GeneralJulius Karangi, said the attackers were from different countries.

Before it was banned, a Twitter account claiming to represent alShabaab posted a series of messages alleging that the attacks were just retribution for crimes committed by Kenyas military.For long we have waged war against the Kenyans in our land, now its time to shift the battleground and take the war to their land, said one post.The attack at WestgateMall is just a very tiny fraction of what Muslims in Somalia experience at the hands of Kenyan invaders, said another. They warned the Kenyan government that any attempt by Kenyan forces to attempt a roof landing would jeopardise the lives of hostages. Twitter suspended the account before the attack had ended.

Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on attack in Nairobi, Kenya. September . Archived fromthe originalon September

The attack has been described as one of the worst acts ofterrorism in Kenyasince thebombing of the U.S. embassyin .said on national television that Kenya had overcome terrorist attacks before and vowed to hunt down the perpetrators wherever they run.

Nairobi Westgate attack Six Britons believed killed. BBC. September

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Ilado, Paul; Kamore Maina September .WESTGATE OPERATION WAS BUNGLED UHURU. The Star

Somalis Charged With Aiding Westgate Mall Attack.

alQaeda in the Indian SubcontinentIndian Subcontinent

Associated Press September .AlShabab foreigners in Kenya mall were legitimate target; let Muslims leave after vetting.

Vincent, Alice September .Kofi Awoonor, Ghanaian poet, killed in Westgate Attack.

Salek, Sebastian September .Nairobi attack Hostages remain trapped inside shopping centre as alShabaab claim responsibility for deadly assault.

Close Your Eyes and Pretend to Be Dead What really happened two years ago in the bloody attack on Nairobis Westgate Mall.

A group spokesman, Sheikh Ali Mohamud Rage, said If you want Kenya in peace, it will not happen as long as your boys are in [Somalia].Another alShabaab spokesman, Sheikh AbdulAziz Abu Muscab, toldAl Jazeerathat the attack was in retaliation for Kenyan troops entering Somalia and that the timing was deliberately chosen to be a surprise attack.alShabaab repeated their demands for Kenyas withdrawal from Somalia. On the day the operation ended, Rage threatened further black days unless Kenya withdrew its troops from Somalia and said that the siege was just a taste of what we will do.

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Kenyan shopping centre attack leaves dead. Raidi Teilifs ireann. February

Attackers defeated in mall siege, Kenyas president says. CNN. September .

Kevin Yorke.Analysis of alShabaabs Attack at the Westgate Mall in Nairobi, Kenya. New York Police Department.

Explosions inside mall as standoff nears end.

Wright, Tony; Levy, Megan; Butt, Craig; Darby, Andrew September .Kenya shopping centre attack Ross Langdon identified as Aussie killed in Nairobi.

General Assembly OF THE UNITED NATIONS General Debate of the th Session. Gadebate.un. Archived fromthe originalon September

Nairobi shopping centre attacks Most hostages freed.

Many countries expressed their condemnation of the attacks and sympathy for those affected, includingArgentina,Canada,Chile,China,Colombia,Eritrea,Hungary,India,Iran,Israel,Italy,Serbia,Somalia,Tanzania,theUnited States,andTrinidad and Tobago.Some restated their condemnation during theGeneral debate of the sixtyeighth session of the United Nations General Assembly.

Troops mount final assault on Nairobi terrorists who killed . AP, AFP. September

The incident followed threats fromAlShabaabin late of attacks inKenyain retaliation forOperation Linda Nchi, a coordinated military operation in southernSomaliathat was launched against the group by theSomali Armed ForcesandKenya Defence Forces.One week before the incident and a month afterUnited Nationswarnings of possible attacks, Kenyan police claimed to have disrupted a major attack in its final stages of planning after arresting two people with grenades,AKassault rifles, and suicide vests packed withball bearings. The two suspects were from a Nairobi neighbourhood where Somali immigrants live. A manhunt was also launched for eight more suspects.The Sunday Telegraphclaimed that it had seen United Nations documents that warned that in the previous month the threat of an attempted largescale attack in Kenya was elevated.After the incident, Nairobi senatorMike Sonkoclaimed that he had warned the security services of a possible attack three months previously.The country was celebrating theInternational Day of Peacewhen the incident took place.

At the time of the attacks, the mall was owned by Israelis, and at least four restaurants in the mall are owned/operated by Israelis, according to Israeli sources.TheInternational Business Timesstated that Kenya and Israel had a secret security pact.Israeli military advisers were reported to have participated in thecounteroffensiveagainst the hostage takers and to have joined in the fighting,although theIsraeli Foreign Ministryrefused to confirm or deny the presence of its forces.

Most of the victims were from Kenyas business and political elite, as well as expatriates and the diplomatic community.

Kenyan authorities arrested dozens of people in the aftermath of the attack, but had not announced any suspects directly related to the siege. On November , four iniduals reported to be Somali nationals were charged by a Kenyan court in relation to the attack.Identified as Mohammed Ahmed Abdi, Liban Abdullah, Adnan Ibrahim and Hussein Hassan, they were accused of supporting terrorist elements in Kenya, harboring the gunmen in their homes, illicitly registering as a Kenyan citizen, and obtaining lse identification documents.However, none of the men were accused of being the shooters involved in the siege, the latter of whom Kenyan military officials asserted had all died. All four of the accused men pleaded not guilty to the allegations, with no attorney representing them.The court ordered the men to be detained until a hearing in a weeks time.

. European External Action Service. September

Nairobi Westgate Mall Siege Up to Feared Dead and Injured in Battle with Islamic Gunman.

. September . Archived fromthe originalon September

Okari, Dennis .Westgates unanswered questions.

Westgate siege Four charged over Nairobi attack.

Kenyan military frees most hostages at mall. Raidi Teilifs ireann. September

InterpolSecretaryGeneralRonald Noblecondemned the assault and pledged full support to Kenyan authorities in their investigation, offering to deploy an Incident Response Team consisting of specialised forensic officers, counterterrorism experts, operational assistants and analysts.Noble, in an interview with ABC, indicated that in the ce of large soft targets, governments have a choice security clearances at entrances or allow the citizenry to carry guns for selfdefense.

killed and more carnage feared as Kenya mall attackers ce off. CNN. September

PST mener at norske Hassan Abdi Dhuhulow deltok i Nairobiterroren

Faith Karimi, Lillian Leposo and Nima Elbagir.Kenya mall attackers talked on cell phone, prayed between shootings. CNN

President of Republic condoles Kenyan counterpart following mall attackSahara Press Service. September . Archived fromthe originalon September

On September ,Foreign Policymagazine reported the Westgate attack on September lasted several hours, with the last victim killed before special Kenyan security forces entered the mall,which was also corroborated byNew York City Police Department,HBO,andUnited States Army.The mall was officially declared secured on September.


Laing, Aislinn September .Revealed American mily rescued by hero of attack on Nairobis Westgate mall.

Gettleman, Jeffrey; Kulish, Nicholas September .Kenya Forces Said to Be Securing Mall After Long Standoff.

Blair, Edmund September .Islamists claim gun attack on Nairobi mall, at least dead. Reuters

Associated Press.AlShabab foreigners in Kenya mall were legitimate target; let Muslims leave after vetting.

Kenya Says Some Soldiers Looted During Nairobi Mall Attack. New York Times. Reuters. October

Gunfire as standoff continues in Kenya mall. Al Jazeera. September

During the siege and for days afterwards, the toll of casualties remained unclear. Eyewitnesses were reported to have seen bodies in the mall.In addition, at first there were reported hostages taken by attackers, but later it became apparent no hostages were ever held,other eyewitnesses also said that they had seen dozens wounded.An unnamed local hospital reported that it was overwhelmed with the number of wounded being brought in and that it had consequently erted victims to a second cility.At least people were killed, possibly including four terrorists.In addition to numerous Kenyans who were killed, at least foreigners of different nationalities also died.The National Disaster Operation Centre said that the wounded ranged in age from to .Sources said people were wounded,including soldiers.There are also claims of torture carried out by the terrorists. Nole victims included Kenyan journalistRuhila AdatiaSood, President Uhuru Kenyattas nephew Mbugua Mwangi and his fiance Rosemary Wahito ,Ghanaian poet and diplomatKofi Awoonorand Canadian diplomat Annemarie Desloges.Kenyan interior ministerJoseph Ole Lenkusaid Israelis were not targeted. This time, the story is not about Israel. The minister is saying that this is an internal Kenyan issue. His security forces tell him that this terror organisation was not targeting Israelis.

Legg, Kieran September .Cape man killed in Nairobi mall siege.

Nairobi Westgate Mall Siege Israel and Kenya Have Secret Security Pact.

On Saturday September , at about noon,at least four masked assailantsinitially claimed by the government to be between and attacked theWestgate shopping mall, the mostupscalemall inNairobi,in itsWestlandsdistrict.Fighting with armed police continued over hours later.Cameras in the mall revealed the gunmen carriedassault riflesand wore civilian clothing. There were additional reports ofgrenadeexplosions. Police surrounded the area and urged residents to stay away. A report indicated that about people were trapped in the basement, but police said that they had escorted some shoppers to safety and were trying to capture the gunmen.The SecretaryGeneral of theKenya Red Cross SocietyAbbas Gullet, said that rescue workers could not reach some of the patrons in the mall. Inspector General of PoliceDavid Kimaiyowrote that there were police at the scene and the area [was] surrounded.

Petrecca, Laura; Bhatti, Jabeen Associated Press September . die in Kenya mall siege; hostages still held.

Tomasevic, Goran.Witnessing the Nairobi mall massacre Photographers Blog. Blogs.reuters

Joint Communique Operation Linda Nchi. Kenya High Commission, Tanzania

Hamza Mohamed.Somalia intervention cited for mall assault. Al Jazeera.

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